What are crossbites?
When a patient puts their teeth together, it is called occlusion. When there is an issue with the placement of a patient’s teeth when they close their jaws, we refer to this as malocclusion. There are different types of malocclusion such as overbites and underbites. The specific malocclusion that we will be discussing in this blog is a condition called a “crossbite”
Normal occlusion is where the top teeth are out over the bottom teeth, however, when a crossbite is present, this is not the case. A crossbite is when the top teeth are inside the lower teeth when the patient closes their jaws. A posterior crossbite is when this occurs at the back of the mouth and an anterior crossbite is when this occurs in the front of the mouth. A buccal crossbite is when the upper teeth are too far towards the cheek that the upper tooth completely misses the lower tooth’s biting surfaces and do not touch. With the case of a buccal crossbite, the malocclusion will worsen as the patient gets older because the teeth will continue to erupt and the overlap will become deeper. Crossbites can occur with a single tooth or multiple teeth.
A crossbite can develop when a tooth bud is pointing in an incorrect direction or due to lack of space during tooth eruption
Early Intervention Orthodontics and Crossbites
Crossbites can be corrected with braces, however, this is not the only method to correct this type of issue. Even if your child is not old enough for traditional orthodontic treatment, should your dentist pick up on the presence of a crossbite, an early orthodontic intervention can address this.
Anterior and posterior crossbites can often be corrected with early intervention orthodontic treatment which can help with the growth of the jaws and the eruption of the teeth.
Early orthodontic intervention treatments take advantage of the fact that your child’s jaws are still growing and developing. Often, many permanent teeth still need to come in, meaning that through this type of treatment, eruption placement can be monitored and addressed.
How it works
Early orthodontics usually takes place before your child is old enough to undergo traditional orthodontic treatment. This is usually between the ages of seven and twelve.
Addressing future orthodontic issues in childhood can make the development of your child smile a whole lot easier. Early orthodontic treatment often involved addressing issues that can cause malocclusions such as thumb sucking and tongue thrusting. Early treatments can also take place in the form of space maintenance.
The treatment can sometimes come in the form of certain devices being placed in your child’s mouth to influence the development of their teeth. Though undergoing early intervention orthodontic treatment can help a great deal with treating malocclusion, this does not guarantee that your child will not need traditional orthodontic treatment at a later stage, however, it may minimise the issues and your child’s crossbite for when the time arrives when your child is deemed old enough to undergo the traditional orthodontic treatment methods.
The P-3® works by repositioning the upper front teeth forward and the lower front teeth backwards, which assists to correct the crossbite*. The P-3® also helps to correct the tongue position, further improving the upper jaw shape and tooth position.
If you would like to know more about early orthodontic treatment or to request an appointment, please contact us today.